This case study was undertaken as part of an Asian Development Bank (ADB) special evaluation study on small-scale, freshwater, rural aquaculture development. The study used primary and secondary data and published information to document the human, social, natural, physical, and financial capital available to households involved in the production and consumption of freshwater farmed fish and to identify channels through which the poor can benefit.
The history and biophysical, socioeconomic, and institutional characteristics of Lake Taal, Batangas, Philippines are described, followed by accounts of the technology and management used for tilapia cage farming and nursery operations, with detailed profiles of fish farmers and other beneficiaries.
Transforming processes are discussed with respect to markets, labor, institutions, support services, policy, legal instruments, natural resources and their management, and environmental issues. The main conclusions and implications for poverty reduction are then summarized.
A survey was conducted of 100 tilapia cage farmers and 81 nursery pond farmers from the municipalities of Agoncillo, Laurel, San Nicolas, and Talisay, around Lake Taal, Batangas Province, Philippines. These four municipalities account for at least 98% of the total number of cages in the lake and associated nurseries. The survey was conducted in July–August 2003. Rapid appraisal of tilapia cage farming in Lake Taal, site visits, meetings, and interviews with key informants were undertaken prior to this survey.
Table of contents:
- Biophysical Characteristics
- Socioeconomic and Institutional Attributes
- Technology and Management
- Profiles of Tilapia Cage and Nursery Farmers
- Transforming Processes
- Natural Resources Management
- Fish Quality
- Crisis and Coping Strategies
Download full text at http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/27961/fresh-water.pdf